Towards a more effective and efficient SD incorporation into the universities


For centuries, universities have been at the forefront in creating and breaking paradigms, as well as educating the future leaders, decision-makers, entrepreneurs and intellectuals. However, universities have reminded largely traditional, where far too much to much of modern education has continued to rely upon Newtonian and Cartesian mental modes, which relegate learning and action to reductionist thinking and mechanic interpretation. Relying on this metal models and scientific positions has led to the conquest of nature through competition, industrialization, overspecialization and disciplinary isolation and testing by repetition. Such reductionist education has fostered highly individualistic, greedy and self-interested behaviors. 

These paradigms present a daring challenge to higher education institutions and society in general, in order to achieve a sensible future for those not yet born generations, specially if the rate of change in universities is taken into consideration. 

Rodrigo Lozano
Publication year: 


  • UNESCO. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • The Catalan Association of Public Universities (ACUP)

Sponsored by

  • Generalitat de Catalunya. Ministry of Business and Employment. Department of Research and Universities
  • Generalitat de Catalunya. Ministry for Foreign Action and Open Government