In Search of the Triple Helix: Academia-industry-government interaction in China, Poland and the Republic of Korea
Covering a wide range of modalities, university-industry partnerships have moved high into the policy agenda of many governments while becoming a new and expanded phenomenon in both teaching and research domains comprised of both traditional linkages such as student placement schemes and staff exchanges as well as more recently developed activities such as small enterprise development and the development of consortia for collaborative R&D at the international level.
Conceptualized as a means to bridge the perceived gap between the science base and the productive sector, university-industry partnerships in this context would allow knowledge to be transformed rapidly into innovation as well as an important tool to make higher education more relevant for employment.
In this book, the terms ‘academia-industry linkages’ or ‘academia-industry partnerships’ will be used because they encompass a broader range of interactions. Indeed, academia includes far more than universities and institutions of higher education as research organizations can play a significant role in knowledge production. In this project, the terms ‘enterprise’ and ‘industry’ will be used interchangeably, and both encompass organizations from the public and private sectors.
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