Towards an African higher education area
Although the Bologna process is not without faults, it can be of interest to nations outside Europe. The model on which the European Higher Education Area was based may provide inspiration for other parts of the world. On the African continent, where higher education is a major area of hope for development, the opportunities and difficulties presented by the creation of an African Higher Education Area (AHEA) are being considered. The European model can serve as an example from which to draw lessons and conclusions.
The new century is profoundly changing the structures and objectives of higher education in Africa. The opportunities and threats presented by internationalisation, integration with the industrial sector, and involvement of universities in the political and social life of their environment are challenges which the African region shares with the rest of the world. However, there are specific situations that pose particular difficulties and challenges to the African region, such as a constant loss of human resources due to a continuing brain drain; low enrolment rates; a high degree of bureaucratic interference; increasing privatisation; gender inequality; low levels of access to the higher education system; insufficient public education budgets; and the struggle for greater university autonomy.
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Thursday, March 22, 2007